Homelessness in America

Definition

People who are living in a place not meant for human habitation in emergency shelters, in transitional housing, or are exiting an instituion where they temporarily resided.

People who are losing their primary nighttime residence, which may include a motel or hotel or a doubled up sitation, within 14 days and lack resources or support networks to remain in housing.

Families with children or unaccompanied youth who are unstabily housed and likely to continue in that state.

People who are fleeing or attempting to flee domestic violence, having no other residence and lack the resources or support networks to obtain other permanent housing.

Chronic Homelessness

An estimated 23% of homeless individuals are considered to be chronically homeless. This means they have suffered homelessness for a year or more or have had at least four episodes of homelessness in the past three years.

Primary Contributors

Substance Abuse

Serious Mental Illness

Developmental Disability

Chronic Physical Illness

Greatest Cause of Homelessness

A lack of affordable housing

Poverty

Unemployment

Additional Contributors

Substance abuse

Lack of affordable housing

Mental illness

Homeless Statistics for State of Ohio

Total Homeless Population: 10,249

Total Family Households Experiencing Homelessness: 1.015

Veterans Experiencing Homelessness: 749

Persons Experiencing Chronic Homelessness: 730

Unaccompanied Young Adults (Aged 18-24) Experiencing Homelessness: 686

Total Number of Homeless Students

Total Number of Unaccompanied Homeless Students: 2,579

Nighttime Residence Unsheltered: 411

Nighttime Residence Shelters: 4,852

Nighttime Residence: Hotels/motels: 1,607

Nighttime Residence: Doubled up 22,533

Length of Stay in Emergency Shelters

69 Days for single men

51 Days for single women

70 Days for families

The Homelessness of Veterans

Veterans are considered to be more likely than any other population to be homeless. 40% of homeless men are veterans although veterans comprise only 34% of the general male population. According to research, on any given night, 200 veterans are homeless.

Demographics

Non-Hispanic Whites: 39%

African Americans: 42%

Hispanic: 13%

Native Americans: 4%

Asian: 2%

Health Issues Suffered by Homeless

Alcohol use problems: 38%

Drug use problems: 26%

Mental Health Problems: 39%

Substance Use and Mental Health: 66%

Have Aids/HIV: 3%

Acute health problems such as tuberculosis, pneumonia: 26%

Chronic health issues such as high blood pressure, diabetes or cancer:46%

Legal Issues Related to Homelessness

Open Container

Sitting on a sidewalk

Upsetting garbage receptacles

Solicitation and loitering

Trespassing

Disorderly conduct

Average Cost

Cost to house homeless: $30.00 per day

Cost of incarceration: $65.00 per day